Pensées montagnardes

Bienvenue à l'an CCXXII de la République

87 notes

Things have been said to you about the Jews that are infinitely exaggerated and often contrary to history. How can the persecutions they have suffered at the hands of different people be held against them? These on the contrary are national crimes that we ought to expiate, by granting them imprescriptible human rights of which no human power could despoil them. Faults are still imputed to them, prejudices, exaggerated by the sectarian spirit and by interests. But to what can we really impute them but our own injustices? After having excluded them from all honors, even the right to public esteem, we have left them with nothing but the objects of lucrative speculation. Let us deliver them to happiness, to the homeland, to virtue, by granting them the dignity of men and citizens; let us hope that it can never be policy, whatever people say, to condemn to degradation and oppression a multitude of men who live among us. How could the social interest be based on violation of the eternal principles of justice and reason that are the foundations of every human society?

Maximilien Robespierre in his speech of 23 December 1789

Robespierre was one of the most prominent voices against antisemitism during the French Revolution. Here, he picks apart the stereotypes attributed to European Jews as faulty, noting that the very professions which Jews were said to unfairly dominate were, in fact, the only professions they were allowed to pursue under discriminatory laws. Robespierre’s stance on antisemitism departed significantly from the freedom-by-assimilation theory put forth by Voltaire and other philosophes throughout the Enlightenment.

Unfortunately for France’s Jews, Robespierre’s speech had little effect on age old prejudices. The following day, the Constituent Assembly voted to exclude Jews from the ability to hold public office. They would not gain this right until the final months of 1791.   

(via crookedsin)

Comment a-t-on pu, s’écrioit M. Robespierre, opposer aux Juifs les persécutions dont ils ont été les victimes chez différens peuples ? ce sont, au contraire des crimes nationaux que nous devons expier, en leur rendant les droits imprescriptibles de l’homme, dont aucune puissance humaine ne pouvoit les dépouiller. On leur impute encore des vices et les préjugés, l’esprit de secte et d’intérêt les exagèrent, mais à quoi pouvons-nous les imputer, si ce n’est à nos propres injustices ? Après les avoir exclus de tous les honneurs, même des droits à l’estime publique, nous ne leur avons laissé que les objets de spéculations lucratives ? [sic] Rendons les au bonheur, à la patrie, à la vertu en leur rendant la dignité d’hommes et de citoyens ; Songeons qu’il ne peut jamais être politique quoiqu’on puisse dire, de condamner à l’avilissement et à l’oppression, une multitude d’hommes qui vivent au milieu de nous. Comment l’intérêt social pourroit il [sic] être fondé sur la violation des principes éternels de la justice et de la raison, qui sont les bases de toute société humaine.

Le Point du Jour rapporte le discours de Robespierre du 23 décembre 1789, Œuvres de Maximilien Robespierre, t. VI, p. 168.

(La première phrase (“On vous a dit sur les Juifs des choses infiniment exagérées et souvent contraires à l’histoire”) vient du Bulletin de l’Assemblée nationale. La suite y est différente, et fort abrégée.)

(Source : viverobespierre, via lacommunarde)

Classé dans Robespierre Maximilien Robespierre juifs juifs français 1789 23 décembre 1789 français juifs

2 446 notes

esslatexpress:

thalestral:

Glasgow Violence: When Media Bias Goes Too Far 

On Thursday, 85% of the Scottish population turned out to cast their votes in the referendum on independence following days of peaceful demonstrations by Yes voters in the heart of our largest city, Glasgow. 

On Friday, Glasgow was gripped by fear as pro-union fascists rushed George Square, determined to engage in violence and hatred; the loyalists of Glasgow joined by members of the Scottish and English Defence Leagues, and all partly encouraged by Britain First.

Young girls had their Scottish flags torn away from them, women with Yes badges were spat at and called scum, nazi salutes and red hand of Ulster salutes were seen, flares were thrown, and the sectarian edge was on full display with “No Surrender” signs. Assaults were made on those carrying Saltires.

https://vine.co/v/OWPzrhni0Aj/embed

These are not the scenes reported by the BBC news or a number of newspapers who assure us that this was a “clash” between Yes and No voters, following their portrayal of Yes voters as Scottish nationalist mobs who intimidated No voters, despite little evidence to the contrary.

https://vine.co/v/OWU39hp1aJl

In truth, the police had the events of last evening well in hand. Glasgow is no stranger to sectarian trouble (a number of this mob wore Rangers tops), quickly surrounding the group and acting to restrict violence as far as possible as they departed the square and moved elsewhere. Six arrests were made and after a few hours the city was calm once more.

http://youtu.be/t46wPvXpLTs 

But what there was a disturbing lack of was information. News. People in the city and those in the rest of Scotland with friends and family in Glasgow had no idea what was happening. Those on twitter could find no information on whether things had escalated or calmed down, on where was safe and where was not.

https://vine.co/v/OWFlvihxJja

The police described the situation as “handbags”. They’ve dealt with much worse. But to write this off as sectarian violence alone excuses those fascists who travelled to take part. To write it off as only fascists excuses the local loyalists spoiling for a fight.

While the identity of the perpetrators is unknown, the one Scotland newspaper that supported independence – The Herald – had their generator set alight. The Sunday Herald is currently collecting evidence from the night to make a full report in their next edition. 

https://twitter.com/JonCoates/status/513087992106610688

Glasgow is a complicated city with a troubled past, but the level of political engagement across Scotland and within the city during this referendum was unprecedented. And almost entirely peaceful until now. Scotland had shown the world what democracy without war looks like, but while the UK media ignores the dark side of both Glasgow and the union, the international media has carried the most information on events.

https://www.facebook.com/video.php?v=10152309438961498

That people in Glasgow, Scotland and the UK had to turn to twitter to get the real information of what was happening is incredible. And while photographs and videos were helpful in illustrating the events, there was no control on validity of information. #GlasgowRiots trended through the night despite the situation being over, while many seemed under the impression that it was Yes voters at fault.

https://www.facebook.com/video.php?v=10202433758517846

Invoking the spirit of sectarianism there was no doubt trouble on both sides of that particular divide, but the swelling of ranks from fascist groups ensured that it was those bearing the Scottish flag or Yes badges that were in danger.

This was no celebration. This was no representation of No voters. These bigots represent no one but themselves. But the media turning a blind eye to this, or insinuating it is no worse than Scottish nationalists throwing an egg is irresponsible. I had friends hiding at home because they were terrified to go out on the streets without the safety of having white skin, with no idea of when the trouble was over.

There are Orange marches planned today in the city. Hopefully these idiots will stay at home. Please stay safe.

(Photo credits L-R: Jon Brady via Twitter @jonfaec; Cathal Mcnaughton / Reuters; PA; Reuters; Reuters; Herald’; Herald; Reuters; Reuters)

(My apologies that none of the media wants to embed) 

Thiss is excellent information!!

(via stalinistqueens)

Classé dans tw violence tw fascists

31 notes

Quelques aumônes que l’on fait à un homme nu dans les rues, ne remplissent point les obligations de l’État, qui doit à tous les citoyens une subsistance assurée, la nourriture, un vêtement convenable, et un genre de vie qui ne soit point contraire à la santé.
Montesquieu, De l’esprit des lois (1748), XXIII, 29.

Classé dans Montesquieu XVIIIe siècle de l'esprit des lois

33 notes


On 21 September 1792 the National Convention decreed the abolition of royalty. The text of the decree itself simply reads: “The National Convention unanimously decrees that royalty is abolished in France.” 
The decree was signed by Jérôme Pétion de Villeneuve (1756-1794), President of the Convention, Jean-Pierre Brissot de Varville (1754-1793) and Mark Alba Lasource David (1763-1793). The left margin of the document reads the annotation, ”By virtue of the Decree of 10 August 1792 on 22 September 1792, the year I of the French Republic on behalf of the nation,” and this is signed by Gaspard Monge (1746-1818) and Georges Danton (1759-1794), members of the Interim Executive Board, recalling the suspension of the king. 
[Source]

On 21 September 1792 the National Convention decreed the abolition of royalty. The text of the decree itself simply reads: “The National Convention unanimously decrees that royalty is abolished in France.” 

The decree was signed by Jérôme Pétion de Villeneuve (1756-1794), President of the Convention, Jean-Pierre Brissot de Varville (1754-1793) and Mark Alba Lasource David (1763-1793). The left margin of the document reads the annotation, ”By virtue of the Decree of 10 August 1792 on 22 September 1792, the year I of the French Republic on behalf of the nation,” and this is signed by Gaspard Monge (1746-1818) and Georges Danton (1759-1794), members of the Interim Executive Board, recalling the suspension of the king. 

[Source]

(Source : bunniesandbeheadings)

Classé dans la convention nationale décrète à l'unanimité que la royauté est abolie en france Révolution française 21 septembre 1792 1792

6 notes

Pour sa part, avec les conseils des autorités locales, Goupilleau de Fontenay désigne deux citoyens pour chacun des six départements, […] le second qui doit s’occuper de l’équipement et de l’armement de chaque monture (ainsi, en Haute-Loire, le citoyen Enjolras, sellier de son état*).

*Arrêté de Goupilleau de Fontenay, pris au Puy le 30 vendémiaire an II-21 octobre 1793 […].

Michel Biard sur les missions pour la réquisition des chevaux (et un Enjolras historique de l’époque révolutionnaire) in Missionnaires de la République. Les représentants du peuple en mission (1793-1795), Paris, Éditions du CTHS, 2002, p. 312.

Classé dans Révolution française Enjolras mais pas celui auquel tu penses

23 008 notes

jastascatterbrain:

loki-the-god-of-sarcasm:

missespeon:

sixstrategos:

sixstrategos:

sixstrategos:

this is what is going on in scotland right now.

dont ignore this.

there is NO coverage of the rioting on the news which is why its so important that you dont ignore this. 

please stay safe if you live in scotland. 

my partner actually went to the yes rally in george square a couple days ago and said the no guys were indeed doing nazi salutes

The unionists have set fire to the building housing The Herald. 

A 15 year old boy is dead. 

The riots continue. 

My friends have been trying to get out of Glasgow and have been attacked. 

Your voter status doesn’t matter to these people, they will attack for no reason. 

Gay SNP councillor Austin Sheridan has been subjected to an unprovoked attack simply because he is a gay man who voted yes.

Homes have been broken into.

There are riots on the streets even outside of Glasgow.

The BNP, UKIP, Britain First and The Orange Lodge are attacking peaceful protestors with flares.

LGBT people are being singled out by the above groups. 

DON’T LET THIS ABHORRENT SITUATION CONTINUE. 

DO NOT LET THIS BE HIDDEN.

PLEASE, DO WHAT YOU CAN. 

MY CITY AND COUNTRY IS UTTER CHAOS. 

I am just trying to stay safe, for now.

i-own-a-bearshark
Hey Max, what’s going on?

(via im-afraid-i-cant-do-that)